Annual Reports

Since its early years in Nepal, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation has taken a role as an innovator. It attempts to address problems and challenges faced by right-holders and duty bearers with innovative approaches and technologies. In these innovations HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation tries to foster more efficiency, more effectiveness, better cost-benefit ratio or just a better accepted way of doing something.
Following the adoption of the new constitution in 2015, Nepal is proceeding with a major political and administrative change process: shifting from a unitary to a federal system of government. Over the course of 2017, a series of elections were held at different levels, so that by the end of the year, elected representatives were in place in all 761 government units: one federal, seven states  and 753 urban and rural municipal (gaunpalika and nagarpalika) governments. The Local Government Operations Act 2074 BS (2017 AD) clearly delineates the responsibilities of these different governments, although the finer details remain to be worked out. The palikas have considerable executive, legislative, and judicial powers – whilst the District Development Committees that previously played important administrative and service delivery functions have ceased to exist. Whilst the palikas face many challenges in undertaking their assigned roles and responsibilities, their establishment represents a huge opportunity for transparent, accountable local governance. 

In party political terms, national elections have resulted in a strong left alliance government, with all states excepting state 2 having such a majority. The pre-polling promise of the unification of the three Communist parties proved a successful tactic for uniting the left-wing vote. In state 2, the Madhesi parties have a majority under the Federal Socialist Forum (Sanghiya Samajbadi Forum). The hope is that with a strong national government, development should proceed without any disruption caused by political disagreements. 

The year 2017 was marked by an exceptionally heavy late monsoon. The resulting floods, followed a few months later by a winter cold wave, brought misery to many of the poorest Terai residents, and triggered humanitarian responses. Meanwhile reconstruction after the 2015 earthquake is still painfully slow; in some areas (such as Ramechhap), 80% of the houses destroyed still remain to be rebuilt. Out-migration, although slightly reduced compared against previous years, continues to impact heavily on Nepali communities. Young people from well-to-do families leave for educational opportunities abroad and often remain abroad, thus contributing to a “brain drain”; those from poorer families (particularly men) head to the Gulf or Malaysia; whilst the poorest of all seek work in India. Roughly every second Nepali household is in receipt of foreign earnings from at least one family member. As a stark indicator of the bad working conditions endured by many migrant labourers, on average four per day return home in a coffin. In recognition of this, the Nepal government has recently amended the Foreign Employment Regulation to more than double the compensation given to families of migrant workers who die, suffer serious injuries or become critically ill. 

After the major drop in visitor numbers following the 2015 earthquake, the tourism sector is expanding, with visitors from the region, particularly China, increasingly rapidly. The growth of related industries such as hotels, restaurants and home stays gives some hope for better local employment prospects. However, significant infrastructure developments are needed for tourism to grow rapidly, in particular with regard to major roads and airports, many of which are in urgent need of major improvement. 
Some of the quantitative achievements in 2017:
  • 28,082 People got direct access to water from newly built or rehabilitated source.
  • 991,829 people benefited form 591 newly built bridges in 2017 of which 57 % are disadvantaged.
  • 26,310 people received additional income due to support for marketing their produce.
  • 29,881 people carried out activities to improve their capacities to adapt to climate change.
  • 6,161 people attended course on their civic rights and duties.
  • 173,618 migrants have been supported through interventions on migration and development.
  • 4,428 people improved their knowledge about nutrition and / or their access to a balance diet.

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Annual Reports : Country Strategy period 2011 to 2016

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991,829 people benefited form 591 newly built bridges in 2017 of which 508,371 are Women

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11,702 people who have carried out activities to reduce disaster risk and increased their capacity to manage these risk

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16,822 people got new / addtional employment through the project activites.